Courses in Greek (GREK)

The listings here concern Classical Greek. (For Modern Greek. Courses in Modern Greek are offered through the Penn Language Center.)

101. Elementary Classical Greek I (fall)

An introduction to Classical Greek morphology and syntax.  This course includes exercises in grammar, Greek composition, and translation from Greek to English. Emphasis is placed upon developing the ability to read Greek with facility.

 102. Elementary Classical Greek II (spring)

 Prerequisite(s): GREK 101 or equivalent. Students complete their study of the morphology and syntax of Classical Greek. We begin the semester with continuing exercises in grammar and translation, then gradually shift emphasis to reading unadapted Greek texts.

112. Intensive Elementary Greek (summer, 2 c.u.)

An introduction to the ancient Greek language for beginners, equivalent in scope to the first year of Greek (101+102). Ideal for undergraduates or graduate students from Penn or elsewhere with some background in learning other languages, or who need to learn Greek rapidly. Students begin and complete an introduction to the morphology and syntax of Classical Greek. The course includes exercises in grammar, Greek composition, and translation from Greek to English.  Emphasis is placed upon developing the ability to read Greek with facility.

203. Intermediate Classical Greek: Prose (fall)

Prerequisite(s): GREK 102 or equivalent. You are now ready to begin reading real Greek! This course is an introduction to reading Greek prose, with an emphasis on fluent reading. We will read from works by one or more Greek prose authors, focusing on language and style.

204. Intermediate Classical Greek: Poetry (spring)

Prerequisite(s): GREK 203 or equivalent. This course is an introduction to reading Greek poetry, with an emphasis on the characteristics that differentiate the grammar, diction, and sentence structure of poetry from that of prose.  The readings are primarily from Homer. Note: Completion of this course with C- or higher fulfills the Penn Foreign Language Requirement.

212. Intensive Intermediate Greek (summer, 2 c.u.)

An introduction to reading Greek prose and poetry, with continuous readings from classical authors accompanied by grammar review and exercises. Equivalent in scope to second-year Greek (203+204). Ideal for undergraduates or graduate students from Penn or elsewhere who have completed the equivalent of one year Greek (e.g., GREK 112). We will read from works by one or more Greek prose authors, focusing on language and style, then from Greek poetry (primarily Homer), with an emphasis on the characteristics that differentiate the grammar, diction, and sentence structure of poetry from that of prose. Note: Completion of this course with C- or higher fulfills the Penn Foreign Language Requirement.

309. Topics in Greek Literature

Prerequisite(s): GREK 204 or equivalent, or permission of instructor. Close reading and discussion of a Latin author or a particular literary genre. Recent authors: Aristophanes, Plato, Sophocles. Topics vary each semester, and the course may be repeated for credit.

Independent Studies

Advanced undergraduates may arrange with a faculty member to do an independent study (LATN/GREK 399) on a chosen topic, with the written approval of the undergraduate chair. Students considering an independent study should meet with the undergraduate chair prior to the preregistration period in the preceding semester. A student admitted to the Senior Research Paper program will typically enroll in 399 in the fall of the senior year, followed by CLST 398 in the spring (see separate guidelines on the Senior Research Paper).

Graduate Courses

Advanced undergraduates may also seek admission to the Advanced Surveys (a large quantity of readings in poetry [LATN/GREK 530] and prose [540]) that are offered every year, and to the courses in Meter (502), Historical Grammar (503), and Prose Composition (530) that are generally offered in alternating years. Please see the undergraduate chair.