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Form: Greek,
A temple-like porch leading into a temple inclosure. [Thus there were propylcea to the temple of Athene at Sunium, and of Demeter at Eleusis (See plan of ELEUSIS)]. The most celebrated was that built at the west end of the Acropolis (See plan of ACROPOLIS). This was built of Pentelic marble between 437 and 432 B.C., under the auspices of Pericles, at a cost of 2,012 talents (about £402,400). The architect was Mnesicles. The main building, a quadrangle of large dimensions, inclosed by walls to the right and left, and open in the direction of the city and the Acropolis, was transversely divided by a wall into two porticoes, that in front being about twice the depth of that behind. The dividing wall had five openings, the widest in the middle, and two smaller on each side The deeper portico in front of this diving wall was faced by six Doric columns with the spaces between them corresponding in breadth to the five openings in the dividing wall, the space in the centre being nearly 18 feet, the two on each side about 12 and 11 feet. The portico beyond the division was similarly faced by six Doric columns. The columns of the outer portico were 29 feet high, those of the inner somewhat less, but the ground on which they stand is 6 1/2 feet higher, so that the pediment of the inner portico was nearly 5 feet higher than that of the outer portico. Two rows of three slender. Ionic columns, about 33 feet high, stood on either side of the road that rises towards the middle entrance. These divided the deep outer portico into three colonnades spanned by slender beams of marble with a coffered ceiling decorated with gilt palmetto ornaments on a blue ground. Four steps led from outside to the two side colonnades of the outer portico; and from the farther end of the latter five marble steps rose to the side doors of the division between the porticoes. A considerable part of the columns is still standing. To the main building were attached two side-wings, still in fairly good preservation, not so high, but, like the main building, furnished with columned chambers. The larger of these, the north-west wing (now generally called the Pinacotheca), contained a collection of pictures. [The south-west wing is much smaller, and does not correspond to that on the north-west. The architect, as suggested by Dr. Dorpfeld, was probably compelled to modify his original plan because it would have intruded on the Sacred precincts of Athene Nike. A projected south-east hall was similarly given up because of the precincts of Artemis Brauronia; and a corresponding north-east hall was not carried out, owing to the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War (cp. plan).] For the room in the Greek house called propylaion, see HOUSE..
Type: Standard
gutter splint
gutter splint
gutter splint