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A Greek philosopher; a native of Apamea, in Syria, born about 135 B.C., from his later place of residence generally called the Rhodian. He was the most distinguished pupil of the Stoic Panaetius, whose instruction he enjoyed at Athens, and the most scientific and most learned among the later Stoics. After an extended scientific journey in western Europe, he accepted the direction of the Stoic school at Rhodes, where he took part in public affairs with such success that his follow citizens made him prytanis, and in 86 sent him as envoy to Rome. From this time he remained in continual friendly intercourse with Romans of distinction, especially Cicero and Pompeius [Cic., Ad Att. ii 1 § 2, Tusc. Disp. ii 61]. He died at the age of 84. His literary labours were very extensive. Besides numerous philosophical treatises, he composed mathematical and astronomical writings, and a great historical and geographical work in 52 book as a continuation of Polybius. [He is frequently quoted by Strabo, e.g. pp. 147, 182, 215, 269, 757.] The substance of the Tactics of his pupil Asclepiodotus seems to have been derived from his discourses. (See Cicero, De Natura Deorum, ed. J. B. Mayor, 11, p. xvi ff.)
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